Soccer Terms & Soccer Rule Definitions
Soccer Terms, soccer glossary, soccer definitions
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Questions and answers
Laws of the Game
© 1998 jointly in the following individuals: Jim Geissman,
David Graham, Jim MacQueen, Connie Matthies, Jim Meinhold,
Chris Mohr, Gary Rue, Ken Smith, Dave Teetz, Ron Tremper,
who are together known pseudonymously as the SOCCER-COACH-L
Glossary of Soccer Terms
50/50 ball: A loose ball contested by a player from each
team and which may be won by either one of them (a frequent
cause of injury as players collide in attempting to be first
to the ball).
Abandon the game: Occasionally the referee will stop the
game with no chance of resuming it; in that case, the game
is said to have been abandoned. Seriously inclement weather
or bench-clearing brawls are typical reasons.
Advantage: A discretionary judgement which allows an
official to permit play to continue rather than stopping
play to administer a foul. The is because the foul did not
put the offended team at a disadvantage, or the foul, should
it have been called, may take away a favorable opportunity
for the offended team. (Law 5)
Assist: One player passes the ball to a second player, who
scores as a result of the pass.
Assistant referee: One of two assistants to the center
referee. Their duties include: Calling the ball out of play,
determining the team that is awarded a corner kick, goal
kick or throw-in, calling offside, notifying the referee of
a pending situation, monitoring for misconduct and a ny duty
that the referee deems necessary. Formerly called
"linesman". (Law 6)
Association football: The original name of soccer.
Attacking half: Generally considered the offensive half. The
half of the field where one particular team is trying to
Attacking third: Some coaches prefer to divide the fields
into thirds in setting tactical goals for their team. The
attacking third is the third of the field where one
particular team is trying to score. The other two thirds are
called the defensive third and middle third.
Away: Instruction issued by a goal keeper to teammates to
tell them to clear the ball without attempting to control
Away strip: See strip. (Law 4)
AYSO: American Youth Soccer Organization. A recreational
youth soccer program whose motto is "Everyone plays".
Back: 1. Movement by players towards their own goal; 2.
Communication to a teammate, who is carrying the ball, for a
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